Even with all the water on the earth’s ocean, we still can’t satisfy our thirst.
And so humans dig deep and deep to find the natural source of water called borewell. Thousands of people today rely more and more on borewell water.
But the only downside of this natural source of water is, it gets contaminated more frequently. This contaminated water can do more bad to your health than you can imagine.
So can’t we clean it at home, and keep our family safe?
The answer is yes, you can. This article has all the information you should have about borewell water − its problems, and ways to purify it at home.
Let us begin with why borewell water is contaminated to know better ways to clean it.
Why is Borewell Water Contaminated?
Borewell is groundwater accessed through drilling in the ground to get water from aquifers. These aquifers contain mud and clay in abundance. When pulled this water out using a pump, it brings along salts, chemicals and micro-organism.
Secondly, the TDS (Total Dissolved Solids ) of the borewell water is higher than the municipal water that we get. It is extremely unfit for human consumption.
Sometimes borewell water contains a lot of mud, bad odour and even hardness due to a higher amount of calcium and magnesium.
These things in water can be extremely harmful to human health. Hence, it becomes essential for all users to be extra careful while using borewell water.
So whether you use it for cleaning or for drinking, borewell water needs to be purified. To help you with that here are few tips to clean borewell water.
Tips to Clean Mud from Borewell Water at Home
Muddy water coming from the tap is not a new thing for you if you are using borewell water. You first need to know that it’s not okay or safe to drink.
It contains harmful clay and minerals that look brown in colour. It can cause severe health issues like upset stomach, food poisoning, viral infections, etc. Simply filtering it or boiling it won’t be of any use.
The best way to purify it and make it safe for drinking is by using Alum solution. Our dad is and moms did this for ages and yes, you could too.
Alum scientifically called aluminium sulphate acts as an excellent water purifier. It is extremely safe to use. It works by settling down the mud so you can use the water easily.
You just need to dissolve approximately 50 grams of alum in 5 to 10 litres of water in a bucket. You need to pour this water evenly in your water tank. Even if it is your home or general society tank, 50 grams of alum is enough for tank up to 20 feet.
The tank water will become clean within 24 hours. All the mud and dirt will likely settle at the bottom of the tank. Before using it you just need to use simple cartridge filter or boil it if you want to use borewell water for drinking.
Tips to getting Rid of Bad Odour from borewell water at Home. We know how bad smell borewell waters can often have. It is usually because of the presence of sulphur compounds or sulphur bacteria.
These bacteria lead to the development of Hydrogen Sulphide H2S gas. This gas produces very bad odour in the water well. And we know, drinking such water is way better than staying thirsty. But guess what, you can get rid of that too. You just need to try pumping out some water, to decrease water well.
You will have to physically clean it by getting rid of all the organic matter. Then add some drops of chlorine bleach to the tank. It will prevent the accumulation of sulphur compounds in the tank that causes bad odour. Chlorine bleach acts as a water purifier, keeping bad smell at bay. But you should know that after adding chlorine bleach you will have to add activated carbon filler to remove the extra amount of chlorine. Even if this does not work at once you can conduct continuous chlorination within a short period of time.
This could be done by using a pump with a solution of Sodium Hypochlorite or Calcium Hypochlorite. After this do not forget to add activated carbon filter to remove excess chlorine. This needs an expert’s guidance.
If you are tired of all these temporary solutions, you can install a water purification system. It is a one-time investment and a long term solution to bad odour from borewell waters.
These are the two common problems that we can solve. But sometimes borewell water can have excess heavy metals and other issues as well that can cause serious health problems. Knowing about them in detail will help you get a better idea to check if your water too has the same issues.
Harmful Metals in Borewell water
Borewell water contains many harmful metals that you didn’t know you were drinking. Arsenic, lead and fluoride are the few amongst them. These metals are highly toxic and cause serious health problems like cancer, organ damage, nerve damage, memory loss, etc.
To detect if your water contains such harmful metals it is extremely important to get a lab test done. If it shows a higher ratio than normal considers investing in a RO water purifiers.
If there are no metals found in your water you still need to have gravity-based water filters. These types of filters are extremely affordable. These filters protect your drinking water from viruses and bacteria.
Hard Borewell Water and its Solution
You might have heard about it a lot. But what is the hardness of borewell water? Is it safe to drink? How to really consume it? Here are all your answers.
What is the hardness of borewell water?
If you often rely on borewell for water consumption it is important to know what is hardness in water.
Well, it is the presence of calcium and magnesium in water content that we refer to as hardness. This water leaves behind calcium scums and residues. Your water will taste slightly sour if it is hard water.
Hardwater is not completely unsafe to drink. Yes, the World Health Organization says there are no serious health issues reported till now due to consumption of hard water. But that does not necessarily mean you should drink it without any caution.
Although not serious health issues hard water has surely lead to some major issues in almost all households. Here are the few major issues caused due to hard water.
Hard water Issues
If you are using hard water for a year or so you likely know what it exactly is. You will notice white chalky deposits inside and around your taps. This often leads to blockage in water flow creating expensive plumbing issues in future.
This is quite common for showerheads.
Yes, your fancy new garments can look like year old by washing them in hard water.
Minerals and calcium present in hard water react with detergents used to wash them. This results in decreasing their effectiveness and fading colours.
Sometimes you may also notice chalky paste on your clothes making them stiff.
Spots on Plates
Yes, along with your clothes hard water can also affect your expensive crockery.
You will see your plates looking uncleaned with white spots. This also happens because of the calcium and magnesium reaction with detergents and soaps used to clean plates.
Electrical appliances issues
This leads to poor efficiency and larger electricity bills. They are likely to stop working 30% sooner than other houses with municipality water.
Hard water can be hard on hair. It will likely begin with frizzy hair that will lead to a lot and a lot of hair fall.
And we know it’s the last thing you want. Sorry ladies if we said no health issues. This is a big concern we understand.
But this all has a pretty good solution. We believe prevention is always better than cure. So to prevent any health and household issues through hard water it is better to know about ways to keep yourself protected.
Although these are not very serious health issues, you still don’t want all that. The best possible solution you have is a water softener.
Water softeners will help decrease TDS level and save your electrical appliances, plumbing gadgets, clothes and crockery from building up sediments and stains.
These water softeners remove calcium, magnesium and iron from water.
But you should know that softened water is not recommended for plants. Even some people with calcium, magnesium or iron deficiency are recommended not to drink softened water.
So it does work excellent to keep household appliances clean. But it also has some cons.
If your borewell water did not show any of such issues, please count yourself lucky.
Is Borewell Water Safe To Drink?
If your borewell water does not contain any mud or smell or has a sour taste, yes it is safe to drink. You just need to frequently keep checking it’s TDS level.
TDS more than 200 is an indication of hard water. Boiling your water at home is just the best way to purify it if you do not want to invest in a water purifier.
When it comes to drinking hard water we know just like us even you are scared. If you lack all that time to purify water at home you can get a water purifier.
A reverse osmosis water purifier, that we often refer as RO works excellent. It keeps a check on the TDS level and saves you from drinking contaminated water. Eventually keeping you safe and healthy.
It also solves many issues related to borewell water as it eliminates metals.
Also, a combination of activated charcoal, UV and UF can also help purify water from bacteria and viruses.
How do you purify borewell water?
To purify borewell water, add aluminium sulphate to your water. It will help settle down all the impurities so you can have fresh drinking water. But remember this will not help you with household issues borewell water usually creates.
Why is my Borewell water dirty?
Borewell water is often dirty because it gets mixed with loose clay-like soil when enters the borewell. This makes it muddy.
You can add aluminium sulphate to it so that the mud can settle down and water can be consumed.
How can you use borewell water for drinking?
Borewell water can be used for drinking after proper filtration. For this, you can boil it before drinking.
Installing RO purifiers works well as it gets rid of all the impurities in water. Making it safe for drinking.
The Final Verdict
So we hope by now you already know a lot about ways to deal with borewell water at home. Borewell water is not at all a health hazard that you need to worry about a lot. The various issues related to borewell water consumption can be dealt with quite easily.
If you have muddy borewell water, you can use aluminium sulphate to clean it. Just remember to boil it before drinking.
If your borewell water stinks pump out some water, remove the organic matter and add chlorine bleach to the tank. But don’t forget to add activated carbon to it to remove the excess amount of bleach.
But above all the safest and hassle-free way to purify borewell water is to install a water purifier. The reverse osmosis water purifier will get rid of dirt, impurities, hardness, and harmful minerals.
This might not be helpful in keeping your households safe but will surely keep you safe. And if you worry about households you can invest in water softeners for the same.
Just keep testing your water TDS to have fresh drinking water that will keep you hydrated and safe.